Pelvic Health Glossary


Cystocele Relaxation of the supportive tissues of the bladder causing it to descent and protrude into the wall of the vagina.
Enterocele Relaxation of the supportive tissues of the small intestines causing it to descend and protrude into the posterior/superior vaginal wall.
Functional Urinary Incontinence The involuntary loss of urine prior to the client being able to reach the toilet.  This usually is the forerunner of secondary limitations in movement, cognition or communication.  Most common amongst the elderly and immobile especially patients with Arthritis, Parkinsons or Alzheimers diseases.
Nocturnal Enuresis Involuntary loss of urine during sleep.
Overflow Urinary Incontinence Involuntary loss or urine associated with over-distension of the bladder. This may lead to a continuous leakage both day and night.
Post-Micturition Loss Loss of a small amount of urine after voiding appears to be complete.
Rectocele Relaxation of the supportive tissues of the rectum so that it protrudes inot the posterior vaginal wall.
Retention Urine that remains in the bladder after voiding.
Straining Use of raised intra-abdominal pressure to  expel urine or faeces.
Genuine Stress Urinary Incontinence Involuntary loss of urine occurring in the absence of a detrusor contraction, when the intravesical pressure exceeds the maximal urethral pressure.  This results in a loss of urinary fluid and usually occurs at the same time as increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP).This is usually what we see with most women post birth and after menopause and a consistent INTEGRATED EXERCISE PROGRAMME is a great place to start with these clients.
Urinary Hesitancy Slow start to voiding.
Urinary Urge Incontinence Leaking or gushing of urine that follows a sudden strong urge.  Sometimes stimulated by hearing or seeing the flow of water.
Urinary Urgency A very strong urge to void either urinary or faecal.
Uterine Prolapse Cervical and/or uterus prolapsed into the vagina.




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